"The focus on transformational leadership is on what the leader accomplishes
rather than on the leader's personal characteristics and his or her relationship with the group members". (Dubrin, Daglish
& Miller 2006, p.104)
Organisations have struggled to manage many situations like chaos, the
changing environment and also to adopt or reinvent new technologies. This is where transformational leadership can help making
these issues less damaging to the organisation.
Transformational leadership serves to change the status quo by :
- "Appealing to the followers values and their sense of higher purpose" (Dubrin,
Daglish & Miller, 2006, p. 105). Transformational leaders make sure that everyone's opinion is important. In order to
change the culture they make sure that everone understands what is going on and how they change will occur.
- "Reframing issues so that they are aligned with the leader's vision and
the followers values". (Dubrin, Daglish & Miller, p.105). Changing issues so that he can solve them is a pretty complicated
step, because he has to take into consideration what his followers are going to this. He has to make sure that what they value
is taken into consideration.
- "Operating at a higher stage of moral development that their followers".
(Dubrin, Daglish & Miller, 2006, p.105). The transformational leader has to make sure that his morals are better than
the one's from his followers, he simply has to see what is right and what is wrong before the mistakes occur.
How transformations takes place
Leders like the transformational have the need to change an organisations
performace from low performance to high. This is done by 7 important steps. Every leader that wants to transform the organisation
must follow those steps in order to be successful.
- "Raising peoples awareness". (Dubrin, Daglish & Miller, 2006 p.105)
The leader must show them that there is a problem. By pointing out the issues the followers will think about that and consider
- "Helping people look beyond self- interest".(Dubrin, Daglish & Miller,
2006 p.105). There are two kinds of people in an organisations. Those that work for the organisations and try to make it a
better place, and those who work for the organisation but look only for their best interest. The transformational leader must
simply change their mind so that they look beyond their interest only and see the organisation as a whole, where if improvement
is made can benefit everyone not only just them.
- "Helping people search for self-fulfilment".(Dubrin, Daglish & Miller,
2006 p.105) Making sure that everyone is growing in the organisation. This is important because if people can grow they will
- "Helping people understand the need for change". (Dubrin, Daglish &
Miller, 2006 p.105). Change is important. Nowadays organisations depend on it. The transformational leader has to make sure
that everyone understands that change is good and that it will benefit everyone in the organisation. Resistance to change
can cause big problems for the organisation, and it can put them into a risky position.
- "Investing managers with a sense of urgency". (Dubrin, Daglish & Miller,
2006 p.105). In order to transform the organisation, the leader must assamble all the managers and make sure that they understand
his vision and support it.
- "Committing to greatness." (Dubrin, Daglish & Miller, 2006 p.105). The
transformational leader must adopt to a great attitude and so make sure that his followers agree by doing this he strengthen
- "Adopting a long-range perspective and at the same time observing organisational
issues from a broad rather than a narrow perspective".(Dubrin,Daglish & Miller, 2006 p.105)
Four key qualities of transformational leaders
There are four major qualities that a transformatinal leader has. These are;
- A transformational leader is charismatic. 'The Charismatic Leader gathers
followers through dint of personality and charm, rather than any form of external power or authority." (Jones, 2006, p.12)
. Transformational and charismatic are closely linked together because they want to change the organisation without any force.
- Transformational leaders "practise inspirational leadership". (Dubrin, Daglish
& Miller, 2006, p.108). Instead of forcing someone they inspire people to follow them by leading with passion. It is all
about being inspired and making sure that people follow him in the way he wants them to follow.
- These leaders also provide "intellectual stimulation". (Dubrin, Daglish
& Miller, 2006 p.108). The transformational leader also wants his followers to examine all the old problems with the
new method or the new way.
- Transformational leaders "demonstrate individualised consideration". (Dubrin,
Daglish & Miller, 2006 p.108). They are trying to make sure that every employee in an organisation is valuable, by spending
time with every employee they make sure that he feels a sense of belongingness, because emplyee alienation can cause many
issues in the organisation.