Sources and types of power
Power is one of the important traits that a leader must posses. In order
to archieve his goals he must have the potential to influence others, and this is done through power.
Position power and Personal power are the two types that a leader must
Bases of position power are Legimate power, reward power, coercive power
and information power.
- Legitimate power "comes
from the authority of your rate and
position in the chain of command. You use this
power in day-to-day business. Although legitimate power increases with added responsibilities, you can decrease that power
if you fail to meet all of your responsibilities". (Dane, 2002 p.245)
- Coercive power results from the
expectation of a negative reward if your wishes are not obeyed.( Perry, 1999)
- Reward power "The authority to give employees rewards for
compliance is referred to as reward power" (Dubrin, Daglish & Miller, 2006, p. 209)
- Informational power
depends on your giving or withholding of information or having knowledge that others
do not have. (Perry, 1999)
Politics in the workplace
Politics is best referred to as being the politics that go on in the workplace.
Factors that contribute to organisational politics are " gaining power through means other then merit or luck , politics are
played to achieve power, either directly or indirectly" (Dubrin, Daglish & Miller, 2006, p.220)
Political tactics and strategies
To make sure that everything goes smoothly in the organisation a leader must
adapt to certain political tactics and strategies these are all defined below.
Strategies and tactics aimed directly at gaining power
There are many strategies that a leader can adapt to gain power however the
main ones are :
- Develop power contacts
- Control vital information
- Keep informed
- Control lines of communication
- Bring in outside experts
- Make a quick showing
By adopting to these main six strategies a good leader should not have
any problems succeeding in the organisation.
Strategies and tactics aimed at buiding relationships
Building relationships in an organisation is essential. Having the right
connections at the right time can help a good leader become a great leader. There are seven major tactics and strategies that
can help a leader become outstanding.
- Display loyalty
- Manage your impression
- Ask satisfied customers to contact your boss
- Be courteous, pleasant and positive
- Ask advice
- Send thank you notes to a large number of people
- Flatter others sensibly
The only thing that a leader has to be careful of is to avoid blunders in
the organisation. He should never critise the boss in the public because that can backfire. Also a good leader knows where
he stands in the organisation and so he should never try to challange the ones above him because that can cause blunders.
The last but not least thing he should not do is declining offers from top management because if they offer you something
a great leader should take it, turning them down more than once can cause many problems. There is also other factors that
can influence a good leader. If people see that he or she is reallly successful they will become really jealous because maybe
they want to be in that place, but like many theorist say a leader is born and not made. Issues like
- Back stabbing
- Embrace and demolish
- Setting a person up for failure
- Devide and rule
- Play territorial games
These five factors sometimes cause a good leader to misjudge a situation.
No matter how good a leader is, he or she needs also the support from others and sometimes there are people that don't want
you to succeed and this can be an issue.