suggests that the leader should make desired rewards available (goal) and
clarify for the subordinate the kinds of behavior that will lead to the reward (path). The theory proposes four types of leader behavior and two situational variables.
Four types of leader behavior:
leadership- characterized by a leader who informs subordinates what is expected of
them and provides specific guidance.
Leadership- characterized by a leader who is friendly and approachable and shows
concerns for the status, well-being, and personal needs of the subordinates.
leadership- characterized by a leader who sets challenging goals, expected subordinates to perform at best, and shows confidence that subordinates will perform
leadership- characterized by a leader who consults with subordinates and asks for
their suggestions before making a decision.
The two situational
characteristics- which includes ability (for esteem and self-actualization) and personality
traits (authoritarianism, close-mindedness).
characteristics- which includes, simple versus difficult, stressful versus non-stressful,
dull versus interesting, and safe versus dangerous tasks.
and Yetton’s Normative Theory
normative theory offers guidelines on how decisions ought to be made in specific
situations. Five decision-making methods ranging form highly autocratic to highly participative are identified. The appropriate method depends
on the answer to seven questions relating to the problem being solved and subordinates involved. The first three protects the quality of the decision and
final four enhance the subordinate acceptance.